Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
2018-12-31 5 227 58
Jae-Kwan Jeong, Hyun-Gu Kang, Ill-Hwa Kim
Abstract : We determined the relationships between calving season and the incidence of postpartum disorders, milk yield, and reproductive performance in dairy cows. Data regarding cow parity, postpartum disorders, milk yield, and reproduction were collected from 1,478 lactations. The incidence of retained placenta was higher in spring- and summer-calving cows than in autumn- and winter-calving cows (P < 0.05). The incidence of septicemic metritis was highest in spring- and summer-calving cows, and was higher in autumn-calving cows than in winter-calving cows (P < 0.05). The incidence of metabolic disorders was higher in summer- calving cows than in autumn- and winter-calving cows (P < 0.01). The mean milk yield 1 and 2 months after calving was higher in spring-calving cows than in summer-calving cows (P < 0.05). The percentage of cows that had resumed cycling, defined by detection of a corpus luteum using ultrasonography 4 weeks after calving, was highest in autumn-calving cows, and was higher in summer- and winter-calving cows than in spring-calving cows (P < 0.05). The hazard of first insemination by 150 days after calving was higher in summer- and autumn-calving cows (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.19; P < 0.05) than in spring-calving cows. The hazard of pregnancy by 210 days after calving was also higher in summer-calving (HR = 1.24; P < 0.05) and autumn-calving (HR = 1.59; P < 0.0001) cows than in spring-calving cows. The probability of conception at the first insemination was higher (P < 0.0001) in autumn-calving (odds ratio [OR] = 1.96) and winter-calving (OR = 2.04) cows than in spring-calving cows. In conclusion, spring calving is associated with the worst, and autumn calving with the best, postpartum health and reproductive performance, whereas milk yield is higher in spring-calving cows than in summer-calving cows. Therefore, an effective strategy to support postpartum health and fertility should be instituted for spring-calving dairy cows kept in the Korean climate.
2018-12-31 0 247 73
Jae-Kwan Jeong, Hyun-Gu Kang, Ill-Hwa Kim
Abstract : We aimed to identify the relationships between puerperal metritis (PM) and serum metabolites, uterine health, milk yield, and reproductive performance in dairy cows. Blood samples from 150 Holstein dairy cows were collected just after calving, and at 1, 2, and 4 weeks postpartum to measure serum concentrations of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), urea nitrogen, total cholesterol (TCH), albumin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), calcium, and magnesium. PM was diagnosed by the presence of fever (≥39.5°C) and a watery, fetid uterine discharge during the first 14 days after calving. Cows were divided into two groups on the basis of the presence or absence of the disease: a control group (n = 83) and a PM group (n = 67). The cows diagnosed with PM were subcutaneously administered with 2.2 mg/kg ceftiofur for 3-5 days. The serum concentrations of BHBA tended to be higher (P = 0.06) and AST was higher (P < 0.05) in the PM group than in the control group 1 week after calving, whereas serum concentrations of urea nitrogen, TCH, albumin, calcium, and magnesium were lower (P < 0.05-0.0001) after calving in the PM group than in the control group. The probability of clinical endometritis was higher (odds ratio = 5.40, P < 0.001) in the PM group than in the control group. Moreover, the proportion of neutrophils in the uterus was also higher in the PM group than in the control group 4, 6, and 8 weeks after calving (P < 0.001). The mean milk yield 1 and 2 months after calving was lower (P = 0.05) in the PM group than in the control group. The hazard of pregnancy by 180 days after calving tended to be lower (hazard ratio = 0.60, P = 0.07) in the PM group than in the control group, which led to an extended mean interval between calving and pregnancy (19 days) in the PM group (P < 0.01). In conclusion, PM is associated with higher postpartum concentrations of BHBA and AST, and lower concentrations of urea nitrogen, TCH, albumin, calcium, and magnesium. Moreover, PM is associated with subsequent poor uterine health, lower milk yield, and poorer reproductive performance in dairy cows.
2018-12-31 0 149 38
Taeil Kim1, Hyo-Hoon Jeong1, Donghak Choi2, Sungho Yun1, Young-Sam Kwon1
Abstract : A wild Falco tinnunculus, which is a small raptor, was rescued and presented due to immobilization. On physical examination, a left ulnar fracture was detected, which was reduced with an intramedullary (IM) pin and soft bandaging. Passive range of motion (PROM) exercises were then conducted to prevent complications such as ankylosis. The raptor was released into the wild four weeks postoperatively. We suggest that IM pinning with bandaging and appropriate PROM exercises may effectively treat ulnar fractures in small raptors.
2018-12-31 0 183 40
Jin-Su Kang1, Yong-Hwan Kwon1, Hyoung-Sun Cho1, Young-Ung Kim1, Ki-Chang Lee1, Nam-Soo Kim1, Min-Su Kim2
Abstract : A 4-year-old, 6.1 kg intact female dachshund was referred to the Animal Medical Center with acute right hind limb lameness. Radiographs revealed fractures of iliac body and tibia in the right limb. In addition, the dog exhibited tricuspid valve regurgitation and moderate heartworm infection in the right ventricle and main pulmonary artery on echocardiogram. To obtain stable anesthetic conditions for operation, an adult heartworm removal procedure was previously followed by repair of the complex fractures. All surgical procedures were done without complication and with stable patient conditions. At a one month postoperative follow-up, the dog was doing well with normal ambulation and no tricuspid valve regurgitation as well.
2018-12-31 0 156 59
Hyun-A Lee1, Sunhwa Hong1, Yungho Chung2, Okjin Kim1
Abstract : A 6-month-old male cat was presented for investigation of depression, loss of appetite, dehydration, pale conjunctival mucous membrane, weight loss, fast heart and respiratory rates, nasal discharge and cough. Nasal swabs collected from the studied cat. As the results of bacterial culture with nasal swabs, it was suspected with Mycoplasma spp. Also, Mycoplasma species was detected by the PCR reaction with Mycoplasma genus primers. At species PCR assay, the specimens evaluated for the presence of M. felis, M. arginini, M. gateae, and Acholeplasma laidlawii and the result was visualization of bands from 238 bp in agarose gel 1.5% showing M. felis amplicons in samples. In conclusion, we detected M. felis in a cat with respiratory disease. PCR was able to detect successfully M. felis infection in cats.
2018-12-31 0 135 28
Gyeong-Bin Ko1, Guk-Hyun Suh1, Chang-Min Lee2, Ha-Jung Kim1
Abstract : A neutered male Maltese, 11-year-old, presented for hard mass at right flank suddenly. Patient vomited and had anorexia before the presentation, but it is improved after. On blood tests, there were no remarkable findings. On physical examination, firm mass (2.9×2.6cm, firm) was detected. No remarkable finding was shown in radiography except for right upper-medial abdominal subcutaneous soft tissue mass. Punch biopsy was performed for histopathologic examination. During the punch biopsy, ice-cream stick (11.5×1.2cm) appeared from the hole on right flank. Additionally gastric perforation was detected on ultrasonography. Emergency surgery was performed for the perforation. On histiopathologic examination of the mass, marked, diffuse, neutrophilic and mild eosinophilic dermatitis/cellulitis with no infectious agents was observed.
2018-12-31 0 182 22
Chul-Ho Park, Chang-Ho Son
Abstract : This report describes a case of newly recognized congenital Müllerian duct anomaly in a bitch. A fourteenyear-old, mixed breed bitch was presented with mild hematuria and mammary gland tumor. Complementary examinations were performed and abdominal ultrasonography revealed distended uterine horns and uterine tumor-like mass around the right ovarian area. Macroscopic examination showed the mass to be on the level of insertion of the right round ligament. The mass was cystic in nature, and had no communication with the uterine cavity. Histopathologically, the mass was identified as an accessory cavity lined by functional endometrium, which confirmed the diagnosis of accessory and cavitated uterine mass
2018-12-31 0 142 21
Sulhwa Jeong1, Jeongim Seo2, Jinmin Lee2, HwaSeok Chang2, Mincheol Choi1, Junghee Yoon1
Abstract : A 7 years old, male, Afghan hound (case 1) and a 10 years old, castrated male, Pekingese (case 2) were referred with dyspnea. In case 1, thoracic radiographs showed moderate amount of pleural effusion and lobar sign in the left cranial lung lobe. Following computed tomographic (CT) examination, lung lobe torsion in left cranial lung lobe was diagnosed. In case 2, thoracic radiographs showed increased cranial lobar opacity but there was no evidence of pleural effusion. CT examination revealed an abrupt ending bronchus in the left cranial lung lobe. Based on the imaging diagnosis, left cranial lung lobectomy was performed in both cases. Case 1 showed increased lobar opacity and pleural effusion, while case 2 just showed less concrete evidence of lung lobe torsion on thoracic radiographs and marked severe chronic suppurative pneumonia was histopathologically confirmed. In conclusion, CT could be an important modality when atypical lung disease is suspicious.
2018-12-31 0 151 63
Tae-sung Hwang1, Moon-yeong Choi1, Young-min Yoon1, Jae-hwan Kim2, Hee-chun Lee1
Abstract : A 4-year-old castrated male Maltese was referred to our hospital with heart murmur. The client did not recognize any symptoms. Auscultation revealed systolic murmur located at the left heart base. Radiographs showed right-sided cardiomegaly with the main pulmonary artery bulging and enlargement of pulmonary vessels. Echocardiogram revealed a small ventricular septal defect and a large atrial septal defect. There was also a common atrioventricular valve. Based on diagnostic imaging studies, the dog was diagnosed with transitional atrioventricular septal defect.
2018-12-31 0 246 321
Sohyun Bang, Hanbin Lee, Daehwan Park, Taegeon An, Hyunryung Kim, Jin Yu, Hyunglok Yoon, Gayeon An, Hyehong Oh, Jinhwa Chang, Gonhyung Kim, Dongwoo Chang
Abstract : Signalment: A dog which had been hit by car a month prior and had been experiencing recurrent pleural chyle effusion was referred to Chung-buk National University Animal Medical Center. The clinical signs included tachypnea and salivation. Results: Ultrasound-guided popliteal lymphography was performed. The computed tomography imaging revealed that the thoracic duct was ruptured and the lymph was leaking into the cranial mediastinal region. After this discovery, thoracic duct ligation was performed. The ultrasound-guided popliteal lymphography was repeated after the surgery. The second computed tomography imaging revealed that the thoracic duct rupture was resolved. Clinical relevance: We identified the etiology of chylothorax through the computed tomographic lymphography and imaged specific leakage areas. After surgery, the computed tomography imgaing confirmed the lymphatic flow modification and the treatment was successful.