Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
Original Article ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 444 125
Abstract : The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) on proliferation, migration, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in canine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The proliferation and migration of BMSCs were examined after treatment with CMC. The effect of CMC on the mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, was also evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In the proliferation assay, no significant changes were found at all CMC concentrations compared with controls. The migration assay showed that CMC dose-dependently stimulated the migration of BMSCs in normal and LPS-treated conditions. RT-PCR showed that TNF-α and IL-10 expressions were suppressed in the BMSCs after CMC treatment. However, other genes were not affected. Taken together, CMC promoted BMSC migration and inhibited TNF-α and IL-10. Therefore, CMC may be possible to regulate wound healing when mesenchymal stem cells are applied in inflammatory diseases.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 3414 300
Abstract : A dog was presented with a cough, dyspnea, nasal discharge, gagging, and exercise intolerance. The dog showed leukocytosis, peripheral eosinophilia, and an increase C-reactive protein. The radiographic findings noted bronchointerstitial infiltration, intrathoracic lymphadenopathy, and soft tissue opacity mass. Computed tomography findings showed thickening of the bronchus and bronchiole. Also, peri-bronchial consolidation and generalized intrathoracic lymphadenopathy was present. On blind bronchoalveolar lavage and pulmonary cytology, there were significantly increased eosinophils. Canine pulmonary respiratory pathogens from a real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis was negative. Consequently, the dog was diagnosed with eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy. Clinical signs improved significantly within a few days after treatment with an oral corticosteroid.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 1374 133
Abstract : An 11-year-old, intact female, Miniature Poodle presented with an abdominal mass. The abdominal mass was located around the right fifth mammary gland. The surgically removed mammary mass was subjected to histopathological examination. Based on the microscopic interpretation, a final diagnosis of an intermediate grade infiltrative mammary comedocarcinoma was established. Computed tomography for metastasis evaluation after surgical resection of the tumor showed enlarged right medial iliac and right inguinal lymph nodes, and a micronodule in the accessory lung lobe, suggesting metastasis of the mammary gland tumor. Doxorubicin, a chemotherapeutic drug, was administered six times at three week intervals. However, despite chemotherapy, the masses around the fourth and fifth mammary gland on the right side enlarged in size, and the treatment was discontinued at the request of the owner. The anticancer response to mammary comedocarcinoma is poor and the patient is in hospice management. This is the first attempt to treat a case of canine mammary comedocarcinoma in South Korea.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 384 97
Abstract : A 10-year-old spayed female Yorkshire terrier dog with a history of pleural effusion and dyspnea for a week was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Radiography revealed pulmonary edema and pleural effusion. A mass infiltrating the right atrial lumen and especially the supra-tricuspid valve was identified with echocardiography. The mass was diagnosed as intracardiac neoplasia. Symptomatic treatment was prescribed to alleviate the symptoms of heart failure. Despite symptomatic treatment, the patient died a few days later. After obtaining consent from the owner, necropsy and histopathological evaluation were performed. The result was consistent with cardiac leiomyoma, and the diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining. To the authors’ knowledge, this case is the first report of intracardiac leiomyoma in a dog in Korea.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 438 118
Abstract : 1Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea 2Gyeongnam Department of Environment & Toxicology, Korea Institute of Toxicology, Jinju 52834, KoreaAn eight-year-old, 3.4 kg, spayed female poodle dog was referred to Gyeongsang National University Animal Medical Center with obstinate bilateral retroperitoneal subcutaneous abscess. The medical history revealed ovariohysterectomy (OHE), lipoma, and mammary gland tumor excision performed two years ago. The dog presented with left retroperitoneal subcutaneous abscess discharge five months back and was treated by abscess drainage and antibiotics in a local veterinary hospital, but a relapse was reported on discontinuing antibiotics. On physical examination, the dog was febrile (40°C) and both retroperitoneal masses showed typical inflammatory reaction and purulent discharge. On serum chemistry analysis, hyperproteinemia, hyperglobulinemia, and elevated levels of C-reactive protein were observed. Cytologic examination showed degenerative neutrophils and phagocytic macrophages. Radiological examination revealed encapsulated hypoechoic subcutaneous masses in bilateral abdominal flank and the left flank mass was connected with the caudal pole of left kidney through fistula. Based on the diagnostic examination, exploratory celiotomy was recommended and left nephrectomy, and resection of bilateral masses were performed. During procedure, fistula between caudal pole of left kidney and left subcutaneous abscess was detected and suture material was identified. Resected tissue was histologically examined and diagnosed as suppurative abscess caused by the suture material. This case report describes chronic suppurative foreign body reaction including caudal pole of left kidney and bilateral retroperitoneal subcutaneous masses induced by the suture material used in OHE two years ago and the necessity of computed tomography examination to identify character of mass and extent of surgical resection.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 591 98
Abstract : An 8-year-old neutralized male Dachshund was presented with severe vomiting, anorexia, and weight loss for two weeks. The patient had to feed in a standing position due to problem of vomiting immediately after meal. Serum chemistry and CBC results were all within reference limits. CT imaging revealed a mass distributed widely in the caudal part of the esophagus including the sphincter and the gastric cardia. Complete surgical removal was difficult because of adhesion to the caudal vena cava. A partial surgical excision and gastropexy with MIC-key feeding tube were performed under the owner’s permission. Histologically, the mass was interpreted as leiomyoma. This patient is doing well at present time, six years after the tube installation in 2015.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 1060 117
Abstract : A 1-year-old spayed female Scottish Fold cat presented with a 1.5-month history of vomiting, intermittent dyspnea, and abdominal distention. Radiographic, ultrasonographic, and computed tomographic examinations suggested a tentative diagnosis of a fluid-containing cystic mass with an internal septum. The mass was surgically removed. Histological examinations revealed that the mass was a non-neoplastic hepatic cyst. The patient had no recurrence of the cystic structure but died of acute renal failure 5 years after the surgery. This report describes the unusual case of a giant hepatic cyst with clinical signs that resolved after mass removal.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 681 155
Abstract : A 3-year-old female Connemara pony was referred to Jeju National University Equine Hospital because of weight loss and prolonged anorexia. On admission, heart and respiratory rates were slightly elevated while body temperature was within the normal range. The color of the conjunctival and oral mucosa was yellowish pink. The blood chemistry results showed that total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, and gamma-glutamyl transferase levels were remarkably elevated while blood urea nitrogen was within the reference range. Transcutaneous abdominal ultrasound revealed an enlarged right lobe of the liver with prominently increased parenchymal echogenicity, reduced hepatic vessels, and rounded caudal border. The pony was tentatively diagnosed with chronic hepatitis and icterus; rest and supportive treatments were provided. Clinical signs aggravated on day 2 with hind quarter paresis and cranial nerve signs such as circling, drooping, jerking, and head pressing against walls. Recumbency and generalized ataxia (grade 5/5) were shown on day 3. Plasma ammonia concentration on day 3 was as high as 656 μmol/L. Necropsy and histopathologic examinations strongly supported a diagnosis of hepatic encephalopathy. This case of hepatic encephalopathy exhibited rapid progress from low to terminal grade within 4 days in a Connemara pony. The results provide well-established clinical and pathological data for future application.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 439 134
Abstract : A 13-day-old Thoroughbred female foal weighing 59 kg was referred to the Jeju National University Equine Hospital with clinical signs including depression, labored breathing, tachycardia, anorexia, and marked distended abdomen. Uroperitoneum secondary to a rupture of the urinary bladder was diagnosed based on the history, clinical signs, and ultrasound imaging. An emergency laparotomy for cystorrhaphy under inhalation anesthesia was performed, and the patient recovered uneventfully. A course of extensive supportive therapy with systemic antibiotics after surgery was carried out. The foal fully recovered and was discharged after 14 days of hospitalization. The follow-up after seven months revealed the patient to be clinically healthy. This report describes a case of uroperitoneum secondary to the rupture of the urinary bladder in a Thoroughbred foal, along with the clinical outcomes of surgical repair and intensive treatment in detail.
Case Report ㅣ 2021-12-31 0 851 128
Abstract : Compared to the other chemodectoma, aortic body tumors, the carotid body tumor is rarer and more often malignant. In the present case, a 12-year-old, intact female Shih-tzu dog presented to the hospital with a right ventral cervical mass. The mass was diagnosed by immunohistochemical staining with chromogranin A (CgA) as a carotid body tumor. The cervical mass and metastasized lymph node were removed by surgical resection. Because the dog had valvular heart disease, chemotherapy with carboplatin was initiated over 6 months to prevent metastasis and recurrence as an adjunctive treatment. After over two years of management, tumor metastasis and recurrence were not observed until recently. This report shows that proper management and chemotherapy as an adjunctive therapy can treat carotid body tumors in elderly dogs with concurrent heart disease.