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Article

J Vet Clin 2014; 31(1): 1-5

https://doi.org/10.17555/ksvc.2014.02.31.1.1

Published online February 1, 2014

Prevalence of Feline Leukemia Virus Infection in Cats in Bangladesh

Siddiqur Rahman1, Salauddin Bhuiyan1, Taohidul Islam1, Azimun Nahar1, Roma Rani Sarker1, Emtiaj Alam1, Amitavo Chakrabarty1, Abu Sayed Sarker1, Laila Akhter1, Joon-seok Chae2

*Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
**Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Research Institute of Veterinary Science and College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Abstract

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a retrovirus that represents one of the most common and important infectious diseases of cats worldwide and it is responsible for more deaths among cats than any other infectious diseases. Prevalence data are necessary to define prophylactic, management and therapeutic measures for stray, feral and owned cats which are lacking in Bangladesh. The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of FeLV infection in Mymensingh district of Bangladesh using RapiGEN® FeLV Ag Test Kit (RapiGEN® Inc., Republic of Korea), a rapid one-step immunochromatographic assay. Blood samples from total 130 cats (23 owned cats and 107 unowned cats) were collected and tested following the manufacturer’s instruction. An overall prevalence of FeLV infection was 1.54% (2/130). Prevalence was found 1.79% (2/112) on Day 0-up to one year aged cats (young) but no positive case was found in above 1 year (Adult) aged group. In male and female cats, the prevalence was 1.72% (1/58) and 1.39% (1/72), respectively. In un-owned cats the prevalence was 1.87%. Positive cases to FeLV were found only in clinically sick cats. No significant relationship was found according to age, sex, ownership status and health status. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of the prevalence of FeLV infection in Bangladesh using RapiGEN® FeLV test kits which is very much effective because it is easy to apply, less expensive and quick screening of such type of infection.

Keywords: Feline leukemia virus (FELV), RapiGEN®, Kit, rapid one-step immunochromatographic assay, Bangladesh.

Article

J Vet Clin 2014; 31(1): 1-5

Published online February 1, 2014 https://doi.org/10.17555/ksvc.2014.02.31.1.1

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Prevalence of Feline Leukemia Virus Infection in Cats in Bangladesh

Siddiqur Rahman1, Salauddin Bhuiyan1, Taohidul Islam1, Azimun Nahar1, Roma Rani Sarker1, Emtiaj Alam1, Amitavo Chakrabarty1, Abu Sayed Sarker1, Laila Akhter1, Joon-seok Chae2

*Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
**Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Research Institute of Veterinary Science and College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea

Abstract

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a retrovirus that represents one of the most common and important infectious diseases of cats worldwide and it is responsible for more deaths among cats than any other infectious diseases. Prevalence data are necessary to define prophylactic, management and therapeutic measures for stray, feral and owned cats which are lacking in Bangladesh. The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of FeLV infection in Mymensingh district of Bangladesh using RapiGEN® FeLV Ag Test Kit (RapiGEN® Inc., Republic of Korea), a rapid one-step immunochromatographic assay. Blood samples from total 130 cats (23 owned cats and 107 unowned cats) were collected and tested following the manufacturer’s instruction. An overall prevalence of FeLV infection was 1.54% (2/130). Prevalence was found 1.79% (2/112) on Day 0-up to one year aged cats (young) but no positive case was found in above 1 year (Adult) aged group. In male and female cats, the prevalence was 1.72% (1/58) and 1.39% (1/72), respectively. In un-owned cats the prevalence was 1.87%. Positive cases to FeLV were found only in clinically sick cats. No significant relationship was found according to age, sex, ownership status and health status. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of the prevalence of FeLV infection in Bangladesh using RapiGEN® FeLV test kits which is very much effective because it is easy to apply, less expensive and quick screening of such type of infection.

Keywords: Feline leukemia virus (FELV), RapiGEN®, Kit, rapid one-step immunochromatographic assay, Bangladesh.

Vol.41 No.2 April 2024

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The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics

pISSN 1598-298X
eISSN 2384-0749

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