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Article

J Vet Clin 2019; 36(1): 62-67

https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2019.02.36.1.62

Published online February 28, 2019

The Application of the Measurement of Heart Rate and Velocity during Training to Assess Racing Performance in Thoroughbred Horses

Young-woo Lee1, Hye-shin Hwang2,*, Hee-eun Song3,*, Seung-tae Shim3,*, Jeong-ja Ko1, Jong-pil Seo1, Kyoung-kap Lee1

1제주대학교 수의과대학, 2서울대학교 수의과대학, 3한국마사회

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Abstract

This study was performed to apply the measurement of heart rate and velocity in training horses for assessing race performance. Additionally, we aimed to identify parameters that can be used to evaluate the training level and exercise capacity. Eleven healthy 2- to 6-year-old Thoroughbreds were trained by the standard training program and heart rate and velocity were measured by using heart monitoring system and GPS. Regression analysis in heart rate and velocity data was performed to calculate velocity parameters. The mean maximal heart rate in gallop was 214±11bpm. The mean $V_{140}$, $V_{180}$, $V_{200}$ and $VHR_{max}$ were 13.8±4.3km/h, 37.5±3.8km/h, 49.3±4.3km/h and 57.4±7.1km/h respectively. The mean $V_{140}$ of high performance racehorses was significantly higher than that of low performance racehorses (P < 0.05). Moreover, analyzing the correlation between velocity parameters and racing ability-related categories showed that $V_{140}$ was positively correlated with rating (P < 0.05), $V_{180}$ and $VHR_{max}$ were positively correlated with prize money per race (P < 0.05). Also, $V_{140}$ was significantly correlated with G1F (P < 0.05). The results of this study have shown that the measurement of heart rate and velocity during training could be useful methods to assess fitness for races or performance potential. Especially, $V_{140}$ is a good parameter to evaluate a performance of racehorses in Korea.

Keywords: heart rate, performance of racehorses, $V_{140}$, thoroughbred horse

Article

J Vet Clin 2019; 36(1): 62-67

Published online February 28, 2019 https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2019.02.36.1.62

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

The Application of the Measurement of Heart Rate and Velocity during Training to Assess Racing Performance in Thoroughbred Horses

Young-woo Lee1, Hye-shin Hwang2,*, Hee-eun Song3,*, Seung-tae Shim3,*, Jeong-ja Ko1, Jong-pil Seo1, Kyoung-kap Lee1

1제주대학교 수의과대학, 2서울대학교 수의과대학, 3한국마사회

Abstract

This study was performed to apply the measurement of heart rate and velocity in training horses for assessing race performance. Additionally, we aimed to identify parameters that can be used to evaluate the training level and exercise capacity. Eleven healthy 2- to 6-year-old Thoroughbreds were trained by the standard training program and heart rate and velocity were measured by using heart monitoring system and GPS. Regression analysis in heart rate and velocity data was performed to calculate velocity parameters. The mean maximal heart rate in gallop was 214±11bpm. The mean $V_{140}$, $V_{180}$, $V_{200}$ and $VHR_{max}$ were 13.8±4.3km/h, 37.5±3.8km/h, 49.3±4.3km/h and 57.4±7.1km/h respectively. The mean $V_{140}$ of high performance racehorses was significantly higher than that of low performance racehorses (P < 0.05). Moreover, analyzing the correlation between velocity parameters and racing ability-related categories showed that $V_{140}$ was positively correlated with rating (P < 0.05), $V_{180}$ and $VHR_{max}$ were positively correlated with prize money per race (P < 0.05). Also, $V_{140}$ was significantly correlated with G1F (P < 0.05). The results of this study have shown that the measurement of heart rate and velocity during training could be useful methods to assess fitness for races or performance potential. Especially, $V_{140}$ is a good parameter to evaluate a performance of racehorses in Korea.

Keywords: heart rate, performance of racehorses, $V_{140}$, thoroughbred horse