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Article

J Vet Clin 2020; 37(1): 46-49

https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2020.02.37.1.46

Published online February 29, 2020

Diagnostic Imaging Features of Concomitant Flexor Enthesopathy in a Dog

Ye-Jin Kim, Hyun-Ju Cho, Sae-Byel Hong, Kwang-Min Kim, Ho-Jung Choi, Young-Won Lee

College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Abstract

Flexor enthesopathy is an important cause of elbow lameness in dogs. Flexor enthesopathy is divided into primary and concomitant forms deciding the treatment. The imaging characteristics in affected dogs are irregular medial humeral epicondyles, spur, calcified bodies adjacent to medial humeral epicondyle, thickened and contrast enhancement of the affected muscles. In this report, the radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed for right forelimb lameness of a 3-year-old dog. The irregular sclerotic changes and spur of the medial humeral epicondyles were shown with calcified bodies on radiography. Thickened flexor muscles in right forelimb and fragmented coronoid processes of both elbows were observed on CT. On MRI, high signal intensity of the bilaterally thickened flexor muscles with contrast enhancement was detected. Based on these results, concomitant flexor enthesopathy with fragmented medial coronoid process of bilateral elbows was diagnosed in this dog.

Keywords: flexor enthesopathy, radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, dog

Article

J Vet Clin 2020; 37(1): 46-49

Published online February 29, 2020 https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2020.02.37.1.46

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Diagnostic Imaging Features of Concomitant Flexor Enthesopathy in a Dog

Ye-Jin Kim, Hyun-Ju Cho, Sae-Byel Hong, Kwang-Min Kim, Ho-Jung Choi, Young-Won Lee

College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University

Abstract

Flexor enthesopathy is an important cause of elbow lameness in dogs. Flexor enthesopathy is divided into primary and concomitant forms deciding the treatment. The imaging characteristics in affected dogs are irregular medial humeral epicondyles, spur, calcified bodies adjacent to medial humeral epicondyle, thickened and contrast enhancement of the affected muscles. In this report, the radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed for right forelimb lameness of a 3-year-old dog. The irregular sclerotic changes and spur of the medial humeral epicondyles were shown with calcified bodies on radiography. Thickened flexor muscles in right forelimb and fragmented coronoid processes of both elbows were observed on CT. On MRI, high signal intensity of the bilaterally thickened flexor muscles with contrast enhancement was detected. Based on these results, concomitant flexor enthesopathy with fragmented medial coronoid process of bilateral elbows was diagnosed in this dog.

Keywords: flexor enthesopathy, radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, dog