검색
검색 팝업 닫기

Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords

Article

J Vet Clin 2020; 37(2): 82-87

https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2020.04.37.2.82

Published online April 30, 2020

Evaluation of Azygos Vein to Aorta Ratio using Multi-Detector Computed Tomography in Dogs

Hyunyoung Park1, Jungyong Kim1, Soochan Kim2, Woochang Jeong2, Jungwoo Lee2, Sooyoung Choi3, Hojung Choi1, Youngwon Lee1

1College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, 2Africa Animal Medical Center, 3College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the azygos vein to aorta diameter ratio (AV/AO ratio) in healthy dogs and dogs with diseases that may cause azygos vein dilation. The normal groups included eleven healthy beagle dogs and eleven small breed dogs. The abnormal group included 43 dogs that had diseases with high right atrial pressure (RA group), obstruction of cranial or caudal vena cava (CVC group) and porto-azygos shunt group (PSS group). The diameter of AV and AO were measured at three sites on thoracic CT images; the level of the cranial endplate of 12th thoracic vertebra (TV level), the tracheal bifurcation (TB level) and the insertion to the cranial vena cava (CrVC level). The AV/AO ratio at the CrVC level had significantly higher values than those at the TV and TB levels in the normal groups. The AV/AO ratios of TV and TB levels in the CVC group and the values at all measurement sites of the PSS group were significantly higher than the normal groups. AV/AO ratio will be a useful factor for the evaluation of various clinical conditions that change the AV diameter with respect independent to the body weight in dogs.

Keywords: azygos vein, dog, computed tomography, portosystemic shunt, caudal vena cava

Article

J Vet Clin 2020; 37(2): 82-87

Published online April 30, 2020 https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2020.04.37.2.82

Copyright © The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Evaluation of Azygos Vein to Aorta Ratio using Multi-Detector Computed Tomography in Dogs

Hyunyoung Park1, Jungyong Kim1, Soochan Kim2, Woochang Jeong2, Jungwoo Lee2, Sooyoung Choi3, Hojung Choi1, Youngwon Lee1

1College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, 2Africa Animal Medical Center, 3College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the azygos vein to aorta diameter ratio (AV/AO ratio) in healthy dogs and dogs with diseases that may cause azygos vein dilation. The normal groups included eleven healthy beagle dogs and eleven small breed dogs. The abnormal group included 43 dogs that had diseases with high right atrial pressure (RA group), obstruction of cranial or caudal vena cava (CVC group) and porto-azygos shunt group (PSS group). The diameter of AV and AO were measured at three sites on thoracic CT images; the level of the cranial endplate of 12th thoracic vertebra (TV level), the tracheal bifurcation (TB level) and the insertion to the cranial vena cava (CrVC level). The AV/AO ratio at the CrVC level had significantly higher values than those at the TV and TB levels in the normal groups. The AV/AO ratios of TV and TB levels in the CVC group and the values at all measurement sites of the PSS group were significantly higher than the normal groups. AV/AO ratio will be a useful factor for the evaluation of various clinical conditions that change the AV diameter with respect independent to the body weight in dogs.

Keywords: azygos vein, dog, computed tomography, portosystemic shunt, caudal vena cava